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Franca Turra

Foto donna


1918-2003
Nom de guerre 'Anita', partisan relay.

Artist
Marco Weber

Place
Petrarca park, Bozen

Bio



Francesca Sosi, better known as Franca Turra, was born in Avio (TN) on June 11, 1918. Until 1924, she lived in Rovereto, where her father worked as a master carpenter. Following the career shifts of her father, who had become a skilled worker at Lancia, Franca’s family moved first to Chivasso, then to Turin, and finally in 1937 to Bolzano. Here, Franca is employed at the Labor Office and marries Vittore Turra (1911-2003). During the war, her husband was taken prisoner by the British army in Africa in 1941 and detained in India. After September 8, 1943, Franca joined the clandestine committee to assist prisoners in the Bolzano lager, under the battle name of Anita. After the arrests of December 19, 1944, Franca took a central role in the organisation. After the Liberation she received many awards for her work as a partisan. She died in Peschiera del Garda on December 12, 2003.




Francesca (Franca) Sosi was born on June 11, 1918, in Avio, in the province of Trento, where her family had moved from Rovereto after the outbreak of World War I. After the end of the war, Franca's family followed the career of her father, a carpenter and later a skilled worker at Lancia, and moved to Chivasso where she attended professional schools, then to Turin and in 1936 to Bolzano. Franca's parents were both socialists, and her father refused to take membership in the National Fascist Party. In 1937 Franca met her future husband and law graduate Vittore Turra, also from Trentino. As a fervent supporter of the Regime, Vittore participated as a volunteer in the military campaigns in Spain and Africa. On April 25, 1940, their only daughter Gabriella was born, and in January of the following year, Vittore was made a prisoner of the British in Africa and transferred to Yol in India, where he remained until 1946. Franca, meanwhile, worked as a clerk at the Labor Office while raising little Gabriella. September 8, 1943, and the German occupation are turning points for Franca, who during these years witnessed the transit of trains loaded with Italian soldiers captured by the Germans and also civilians destined for deportation. At first, she limited herself to collecting the notes thrown from the wagons by the prisoners and trying to contact their families to bring them news, but, she later decided to join the Resistance under the battle name of Anita. With the opening, in 1944, of the Nazi lager in Bolzano, she joined the underground committee of assistance to prisoners founded thanks to Manlio Longon and Ferdinando Visco Gilardi. In December 1944 after a wave of arrests, Franca took charge of coordination and together with Gilardi's wife, Maria, and other women ensured assistance to deported people. Franca kept contact between the camp's internal resistance, the Bolzano CLN, and the CLNAI (Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale Alta Italia - National Liberation Committee Upper Italy) in Milan; organized the collection of materials and money to send packages to deported people; handled correspondence; and organized escape plans. The records of her activities were extremely valuable to reconstruct the history of the deportations and resistance in the Resia-street camp. Throughout the war, she never interrupted the intense correspondence with her husband Vittore, a prisoner in India, but only revealed to him her partisan choice after the Liberation.

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Marco Weber
È forse scontato dire che l’arte non è altro che la conseguenza o anche la cornice visibile di un vissuto? Frutto di incontri, scontri, drammi, gioie, pensieri. Al fare arte devo la mia salvezza dai pensieri più bui, la compagnia, l’entusiasmo, le furiose scornate, il divertimento, il mio cercare di restare, con un pò meno fatica, bambino.
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